August 26, 2015 AmazCitSci

Length Category:  Medium (40-100 cm)

Trophic Level:  Predator-fish

Migratory Pattern:  Local (<100 km)

Spawning Period:  Unknown

Export Market:  Regional (in Amazon)

Market Status:  Third class

Catch Distribution:

Apapá potential yield was estimated to be 935 tons. The main fishery regions are the Estuary (47%) and Tocantins (40%). The Lower Amazon (7%) and Central Amazon (5%) are moderately important.

Natural History Notes:

The apapá commercial fish group consists of two species: apapá branco (Pellona flavipinnis) and apapá amarelo (P. castelnaeana). Apapá amarelo is captured mostly in large open waters of floodplain lakes and river channels, whereas apapá branco is captured mostly in the eastern Amazon under tidal influence. These species are thought by fishermen to migrate but little is known about their movements because there are no major fisheries that target these fish. Apapá feed mostly on small fish and shrimp.

Distribution of apapá catch.

Sardinhão Pellona castelnaeana
Apapá Pellona flavipinnis
Apapá-branco Pellona flavipinnis
Bode Pellona flavipinnis
Sarda Pellona flavipinnis
Sarda-apapá Pellona flavipinnis
Sardinhão Pellona flavipinnis
Apapá Ilisha amazonica
Sardinhão Ilisha amazonica
Apapá Pellona castelnaeana
Apapá-amarelo Pellona castelnaeana
Bode Pellona castelnaeana
Sarda Pellona castelnaeana
Arenga Pellona castelnaeana
Bacalao Pellona castelnaeana
Sardina Pellona castelnaeana
Panshina Pellona flavipinnis